Neftyanaya Provintsiya
electronic peer-reviewed scholarly publication
Neftyanaya provintsiya No. 2(38), 2024

Methods of combating watering in gas condensate wells, possibilities of using surfactants and rationale for its selection

E.B. Guseynov, A.T. Zaripov, R.R. Sultanbekov, A.F. Shaikhutdinova


Abstract. The article discusses methods of domestic and foreign technologies for operating gas condensate wells. The most probable reasons for watering of gas condensate wells are given, methods of combating watering, existing types and modern types of surfactants, methods for selecting surfactants, equipment for laboratory research, as well as methods for delivering surfactants to the bottom of a gas condensate well with horizontal end for the purpose of removing fluid from the bottom.

Key words:

gas, gas condensate, well, watering, surfactant, types of surfactants, methods for researching surfactants, laboratory testing of surfactants, equipment for laboratory research


1. Akhmedov B.G. Operation of gas wells at a late stage of development / B.G. Akhmedov, S.N. Buzinov // Development and operation of gas and gas condensate fields. – M.: VNIIEgazprom, 1980, issue. – P. 10-37. (in Russian)

2. Antonkin D.A., Galimov D.I., Berezovsky D.A. Review and analysis of modern surfactants used in gas and gas condensate fields for the purpose of removing liquid from the bottom of wells // Science. Technique. Technologies (Polytechnic Bulletin). 2023. No. 2. P. 183-198. (in Russian)

3. Valeev A.F. Analysis of methods for mechanized production of reservoir fluid from flooded gas wells / A. F. Valeev, N. A. Solovyov // Mater. X All-Russian scientific and practical conference "Modern information technologies in science, education and practice." Orenburg: LLC IPK "University", 2012. P. 7-11. (in Russian)

4. Dikamov D.V. Equipment and technologies for the exploitation of fields at the final stage of development // Gas industry. – 2014. – No. 9. – P. 82-84. (in Russian)

5. Dubina N.I. The mechanism of water flooding of production wells at the final stage of development of Cenomanian deposits. – M.: Nedra – Business Center LLC, 2007. – 109 p. (in Russian)

6. Izyumchenko D.V. Operation of gas wells in conditions of active water and sand production / D.V. Izyumchenko, E.V. Mandrik, S.A. Melnikov, A.A. Ploskov, V.V. Moiseev, A.N. Kharitonov, S.G. Pamuzhak // News of Gas Science. – 2018. – No. 1. – P. 235-242. (in Russian)

7. Ilmurzina D.O. Technological justification for the efficiency of a well operation system using concentric lift column technology // European Student Scientific Journal. – 2019. – No. 3. (in Russian)

8. Koryakin A.Yu. Integrated solutions to the problems of development and operation of wells at the Urengoy production complex. – M.: Oil and Gas, 2016. – 272 p. (in Russian)

9. Koryakin A.Yu. Promising directions for the development of field equipment for Cenomanian gas treatment plants at the Urengoy field / A.Yu. Koryakin, O.A. Nikolaev, V.V. Semenov, A.V. Semushkin // Gas industry. – 2014. – No. 7. – P. 68-71. (in Russian)

10. Laperdin A.N. Introduction of technology for operating wells using concentric lift columns: methodology for selecting wells and design optimization / A.N. Laperdin, A.V. Kustyshev, A.S. Epryntsev, S.K. Akhmedsafin // Science and fuel and energy complex. – 2011. – No. 1. – P. 80. (in Russian)

11. Lee James. Operation of flooded gas wells. Technological solutions for removing fluid from wells / Lee James, I. Henry, M. Wells; lane from English – M.: Premium Engineering LLC, 2008. – 384 p. (in Russian)

12. Lobanov V.I. Experience in implementing technology for operating a gas well using concentric lift columns with a steel-polymer lift column / V.I. Lobanov, M.Yu. Safronov, A.I. Kopylov, T.T. Ragimov // Equipment and technologies for the oil and gas complex. – 2020. – No. 5. – P. 42-46. (in Russian)

13. Minlikaev V.Z. Wellhead equipment for the operation of wells of the Yamburg field using concentric lift columns / V.Z. Minlikaev, D.V. Dikamov, S.V. Mazanov et al. // Neftegaz International. – 2010. – No. 1. – P. 20 – 21. (in Russian)

14. Minlikaev, V.Z. Operation of self-damping wells in the final stage of field development / V.Z. Minlikaev, D.V. Dikamov, A.G. Glukhenkikh and others // Gas industry. – 2010. – No. 2. – P.76 - 77. (in Russian)

15. Minlikaev V.Z. A new stage in improving technologies for operating wells in Cenomanian deposits / V.Z. Minlikaev, D.V. Dikamov, A.Yu. Koryakin, V.F. Guzov, M.A. Donchenko, V.I. Shulyatikov // Gas industry – 2014. – No. 3. – P. 85-88. (in Russian)

16. Minlikaev V.Z. Well operating experience. 514 Cenomanian deposits of the Urengoy oil and gas condensate field, equipped with concentric elevator columns / V.Z. Minlikaev, D.V. Dikamov, S.V. Mazanov, A.Yu. Koryakin, M.A. Donchenko // Gas industry – 2015. – No. 5. – P. 85-88. (in Russian)

17. Mikheeva T.A., Kobtseva A.V. Analysis of the use of solid and liquid surfactants in the wells of the Medvezhye gas and condensate field // Scientific form. Siberia. – 2015. – Issue 1 - P. 55. (in Russian)

18. Ovechkina E.S., Levitina E.E. Technologies for operating flooded gas wells // In the collection: New technologies for the oil and gas region. Materials of the international practical conference. Tyumen. 2016. p. 149-154. (in Russian)

19. Ogai, V.A. Calculation of pressure drop in a Cenomanian gas well operated with a foam concentrate / V.A. Ogai, E.A. Saburova, V.O. Dovbysh and others // News of higher educational institutions. Oil and Gas - 2020. - N 4. - P. 36-50. (in Russian)

20. Podoprigora D.G. The Comprehensive Overview of Large-Volume Surfactant Slugs Injection for Enhancing Oil Recovery: Status and the Outlook / D.G. Podoprigora, R.R. Byazrov, Yu.A. Sytnik // Energies. – 2022. - No. 15. – P. 1-21. (in Russian)

21. Ragimov T.T. Control of technological operating modes of watered wells using concentric lift columns at the late stage of gas deposits development: dissertation dissertation. Ph.D. tech. Sciences / Ufa State Petroleum Technical University. Ufa, 2022. (in Russian)

22. Technique and technology for removing liquid from gas wells using foaming substances / R.A. Gasumov [etc.] // Construction of oil and gas wells on land and at sea. – 2007. - No. 9. – P. 53-57. (in Russian)

23. Technologies for developing Cenomanian deposits of low-pressure gas / A.V. Kolmakov, P.S. Krotov, A.V. Kononov // St. Petersburg: Nedra LLC, 2012. - P. 14. (in Russian)

24. Shulyatikov V.I. Removing liquid from the bottoms of gas wells using a plunger lift / V.I. Shulyatikov, Yu.V. Kobzev // NTS “Gas Business”, 1966. – No. 4. – P. 8-11. (in Russian)

25. Shulyatikov V. I. Wellhead fender for separation of sand-liquid mixtures during gas production from wells at a late stage of operation / V. I. Shulyatikov, T. T. Ragimov, E. S. Yushin // Equipment and technologies for oil and gas complex. – 2020. – No. 6. – P. 77-81. (in Russian)

26. Application of solid surfactant in water shutoff and control for gas wells / G. Zhang [et al.] // Petroleum Exploration and Development. – 2019. - No. 46(4). – P. 640-646.

27. A novel solid surfactant for water control in gas wells / F. Li [et al.] // Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. – 2016. No. 146. – P. 619-626.

28. Al-Jawad M., Al-Hussaini M. Gas hydrate inhibition using surfactants: A review / M. Al-Jawad, M. Al-Hussaini // Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. – 2015. – No. 27. – P. 1504-1525.

29. ASTM International, (2019), ASTM D1331-14(2019): Standard test methods for surface and interfacial tension of solutions of surface-active agents. – URL:

30. Carvajal G. Surfactants: Applications in the oil and gas industry / G. Carvajal, E. Garcia-Ochoa, J. Santos // In Encyclopedia of interfacial Chemistry. – 2017. – P. 461-468.

31. Christiansen, R.L.: A New Look at Foam for Unloading Gas Wells. Penn‐State Sub‐ Contract No. 2772‐ CSM‐ DOE‐ 2098, DOE Award Number DE‐ FC26‐00NT42098, June 2006.

32. Davis S.E. Polymeric surfactants / S.E. Davis, L.E. Scriven // Advances in Colloid and Interface Science. – 1993. – No. 44. – P. 67–144.

33. D. Myers. Surfactant Science and Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 3rd edition, 2005.

34. Napper D.H Surfactants: Detergency, foam ability, and foam stability. – CRC Press, 1993.

35. Pal S. Use of surfactants in oil and gas industry: A review / S. Pal // Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. – 2018. - No. 163. – P. 555-567.

36. Preparation of solid surfactant and its application in water shutoff of gsa wells / L. Zhao [et al.] // Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. – 2021. - No. 98. – P. 103917.

37. Rosen M.J. Surfactants and interfacial phenomena. – John Wiley & Sons, 2012.

38. Subhashini S, Arul karthi S. Study on Indentifying Liquid Loading in Gas Wells and Deliquification Techniques // Internetional Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT). – 2019. – Vol. 8 Issue 06. – P. 1434–1445.


E.B. Guseynov, graduate student, Department of Development and Operation of Oil and Gas Fields, Almetyevsk State University of Technology – Higher Petroleum School
2, Lenin Str., Almetyevsk, 423458, Russian Federation

A.T. Zaripov, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Deputy Director of the TatNIPIneft Institute - PJSC TATNEFT
186a, Sovetskaya Str., Almetyevsk, 423458, Russian Federation

R.R. Sultanbekov, Candidate of Technical Sciences, St. Petersburg Mining University of Empress Catherine II
21 line, no. 2, Vasilyevsky Island, St. Petersburg, 199106, Russian Federation

A.F. Shaikhutdinova, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Oil and Gas Well Drilling, Almetyevsk State University of Technology – Higher Petroleum School
2, Lenin Str., Almetyevsk, 423458, Russian Federation

For citation:

E.B. Guseynov, A.T. Zaripov, R.R. Sultanbekov, A.F. Shaikhutdinova Sposoby bor'by s obvodneniyem gazokondensatnykh skvazhin, vozmozhnosti primeneniya poverkhnostno-aktivnykh veshchestv i obosnovaniye yego podbora [Methods of combating watering in gas condensate wells, possibilities of using surfactants and rationale for its selection]. Neftyanaya Provintsiya, No. 2(38), 2024. pp. 90-128. 

DOI EDN NVRPPU (in Russian)

© Non-governmental organization Volga-Kama Regional Division of the Russian Academy of Natural Science, 2015-2024 All the materials of the journal are available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (